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Television

In this area, you will find resources including methods for our media content analysis, a copy of the coding instrument and questions, a sample of our character ID coding sheet, and a comprehensive list of popular prime-time network television dramas and westerns since 1950.

Methods


Television Coder Training

Our coders are undergraduates from the University of Pennsylvania – primarily majoring in Communication at the Annenberg School – who are recruited for their exceptional academic performance, attention to detail, and interest in the project. Another advantage is that these coders closely represent the target adolescent population our measures address.

New coders undergo a rigorous training regimen in order to familiarize them with the data collection procedures as well as to ensure inter-coder reliability. We use Krippendorff’s alpha measure of 0.7 as our guide in determining reliability among coders.

After studying our code book, the trainees code a practice film in order to become familiar with the coding procedures. Once they are comfortable with the coding instrument, they progress through the next two training phrases. During the second phase, coders watch movies along with the provided answers in order to learn to interpret our code book during various situations. At the third phase, coders make their own judgments during the movies before being presented with the standardized responses so that they may reflect on their decisions. After coding multiple movies in this fashion the students move to the final training phase of coding several full-length films as well as additional segments that expose them to rare content. Inter-coder reliability is tested for all content measures and further training is conducted if necessary. Once satisfactory reliability has been established for each student, they start coding from the project’s actual sample.

Coding Instrument

Considerations on a Web-Based Survey Software Platform: CHAMP’s Choice for Its Content Analysis

Definitions


This code book area provides descriptions and definitions of variables coded for television shows. These variables measure the frequency, explicitness, and other characteristics of the recorded behaviors.

Resources


This area provides additional resources for researchers who are interested in starting their own content analyses. It offers both theoretical and practical support, such as a sample of our coding instrument and a sample of our character ID code sheet.

Data


In this section you can download variables used in publications or graph them along year trend lines. Descriptions of available variables are included as well as the sample list of top U.S. television primetime dramas from 1950-2007.

Year Program Season Rank Network Sub genre
1950-51 Martin Kane, Private Eye S2 12 NBC Police Drama
1950-51 Hopalong Cassidy S2 9 NBC Western
1950-51 The Lone Ranger S2 7 ABC Western
1951-52 Dragnet S1 21 NBC Police Drama
1951-52 Gangbusters S1 14 NBC Police Drama
1951-52 Racket Squad S2 30 CBS Police Drama
1951-52 Hopalong Cassidy (Syndication) S1 28 NBC Western
1951-52 The Lone Ranger (Rerun) S2 18 ABC Western
1952-53 Dragnet S2 4 NBC Police Drama
1952-53 Gangbusters (Season 1 Continued) S1 8 NBC Police Drama
1953-54 Dragnet S3 2 NBC Police Drama
1954-55 Dragnet S4 3 NBC Police Drama
1955-56 Dragnet S5 8 NBC Police Drama
1956-57 Dragnet S6 11 NBC Police Drama
1956-57 Gunsmoke S2 7 CBS Western
1956-57 The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp S2 18 ABC Western
1957-58 Gunsmoke S3 1 CBS Western
1957-58 Have Gun Will Travel S1 4 CBS Western
1957-58 The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp S3 6 ABC Western
1957-58 The Restless Gun S1 8 NBC Western
1957-58 Tales of Wells Fargo S2 3 NBC Western
1957-58 Zorro S1 30 ABC Western
1958-59 Perry Mason S2 19 CBS Police/Legal Drama
1958-59 Peter Gunn S1 16 NBC Police Drama
1958-59 Gunsmoke S4 1 CBS Western
1958-59 Have Gun Will Travel S2 3 CBS Western
1958-59 The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp S4 10 ABC Western
1958-59 Maverick S2 6 ABC Western
1958-59 Rawhide S1 28 CBS Western
1958-59 The Rifleman S1 4 ABC Western
1958-59 Tales of Wells Fargo S3 7 NBC Western
1958-59 The Texan S1 15 CBS Western
1958-59 Wanted: Dead or Alive S1 16 CBS Western
1959-60 Perry Mason S3 19 CBS Police/Legal Drama
1959-60 Gunsmoke S5 1 CBS Western
1959-60 Have Gun Will Travel S3 3 CBS Western
1959-60 The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp S5 20 ABC Western
1959-60 Maverick S3 19 ABC Western
1959-60 Rawhide S2 18 CBS Western
1959-60 The Rifleman S2 13 ABC Western
1959-60 Wanted: Dead or Alive S2 9 CBS Western
1960-61 Perry Mason S4 16 CBS Legal Drama
1960-61 Checkmate S1 21 CBS Police Drama
1960-61 The Untouchables S2 8 ABC Police Drama
1960-61 Bonanza S2 17 NBC Western
1960-61 Cheyenne S6 28 ABC Western
1960-61 Gunsmoke S6 1 CBS Western
1960-61 Have Gun Will Travel S4 3 CBS Western
1960-61 Rawhide S3 6 CBS Western
1960-61 The Rifleman S3 27 ABC Western
1961-62 Perry Mason S5 5 CBS Legal Drama
1961-62 Gunsmoke S7 3 CBS Western
1961-62 The Rifleman S4 27 ABC Western
1962-63 Gunsmoke S8 10 CBS Western
1963-64 The Fugitive S1 28 ABC Police Drama
1963-64 Gunsmoke S9 20 CBS Western
1964-65 The Fugitive S2 5 ABC Police Drama
1964-65 Gunsmoke S10 27 CBS Western
1965-66 Gunsmoke S11 30 CBS Western
1966-67 Dragnet '67 S1 21 NBC Police Drama
1967-68 Dragnet '68 S2 27 NBC Police Drama
1967-68 Ironside S1 26 NBC Police Drama
1967-68 Gunsmoke S13 4 CBS Western
1968-69 Dragnet '69 S3 20 NBC Police Drama
1968-69 Ironside S2 16 NBC Police Drama
1968-69 The Mod Squad S1 28 ABC Police Drama
1968-69 Gunsmoke S14 6 CBS Western
1969-70 Marcus Welby, M.D. S1 8 ABC Medical Drama
1969-70 Hawaii Five-O S2 19 CBS Police Drama
1969-70 Ironside S3 15 NBC Police Drama
1969-70 Mannix S3 30 CBS Police Drama
1969-70 The Mod Squad S2 23 ABC Police Drama
1970-71 Adam-12 S3 12 NBC Police Drama
1970-71 Hawaii Five-O S3 7 CBS Police Drama
1970-71 Gunsmoke S16 5 CBS Western
1971-72 Adam-12 S4 8 NBC Police Drama
1971-72 Cannon S1 28 CBS Police Drama
1971-72 Hawaii Five-O S4 12 CBS Police Drama
1971-72 Gunsmoke S17 4 CBS Western
1972-73 Barnaby Jones S1 25 CBS Police Drama
1972-73 Cannon S2 14 CBS Police Drama
1972-73 Hawaii Five-O S5 3 CBS Police Drama
1972-73 The Rookies S1 23 ABC Police Drama
1972-73 Gunsmoke S18 7 CBS Western
1972-73 Kung Fu S1 29 ABC Western
1973-74 Hawaii Five-O S6 5 CBS Police Drama
1973-74 Kojak S1 7 CBS Police Drama
1973-74 The Streets of San Francisco S2 22 ABC Police Drama
1973-74 Gunsmoke S19 15 CBS Western
1973-74 Kung Fu S2 27 ABC Western
1974-75 Emergency S4 30 NBC Medical Drama
1974-75 Hawaii Five-O S7 10 CBS Police Drama
1974-75 Kojak S2 14 CBS Police Drama
1974-75 Police Woman S1 15 NBC Police Drama
1974-75 The Rockford Files S1 12 NBC Police Drama
1974-75 S.W.A.T. S1 16 ABC Police Drama
1974-75 Gunsmoke S20 28 CBS Western
1975-76 Kojak S3 20 CBS Police Drama
1975-76 Starsky and Hutch S1 16 ABC Police Drama
1976-77 Charlie's Angels S1 5 ABC Police Drama
1977-78 Charlie's Angels S2 4 ABC Police Drama
1978-79 Charlie's Angels S3 12 ABC Police Drama
1978-79 CHiPS S2 25 NBC Police Drama
1978-79 Vega$ S1 23 ABC Police Drama
1979-80 Charlie's Angels S4 20 ABC Police Drama
1979-80 CHiPS S3 18 NBC Police Drama
1979-80 Tenspeed and Brown Shoe S1 29 ABC Police Drama
1980-81 Magnum, P.I. S1 14 CBS Police Drama
1981-82 Hill Street Blues S2 27 NBC Police Drama
1981-82 Magnum, P.I. S2 17 CBS Police Drama
1982-83 Hill Street Blues S3 21 NBC Police Drama
1982-83 Magnum, P.I. S3 3 CBS Police Drama
1982-83 Simon & Simon S2 7 CBS Police Drama
1983-84 Cagney & Lacey S3 10 CBS Police Drama
1983-84 Hardcastle & McCormick S1 25 ABC Police Drama
1983-84 Magnum, P.I. S4 6 CBS Police Drama
1983-84 Riptide S1 18 NBC Police Drama
1983-84 Simon & Simon S3 5 CBS Police Drama
1984-85 Cagney & Lacey S4 28 CBS Police Drama
1984-85 Magnum, P.I. S5 15 CBS Police Drama
1984-85 Murder, She Wrote S1 8 CBS Police Drama
1984-85 Remington Steele S3 25 NBC Police Drama
1984-85 Riptide S2 14 NBC Police Drama
1984-85 Simon & Simon S4 7 CBS Police Drama
1985-86 Miami Vice S2 9 NBC Police Drama
1985-86 Moonlighting S2 24 ABC Police Drama
1985-86 Murder, She Wrote S2 3 CBS Police Drama
1986-87 Matlock S1 15 NBC Legal/Police Drama
1986-87 Hunter S3 28 NBC Police Drama
1986-87 Miami Vice S3 26 NBC Police Drama
1986-87 Moonlighting S3 9 ABC Police Drama
1986-87 Murder, She Wrote S3 4 CBS Police Drama
1987-88 Matlock S2 14 NBC Legal/Police Drama
1987-88 Hunter S4 29 NBC Police Drama
1987-88 In the Heat of the Night S1 19 NBC Police Drama
1987-88 Moonlighting S4 12 ABC Police Drama
1987-88 Murder, She Wrote S4 9 CBS Police Drama
1988-89 Matlock S3 12 NBC Legal/Police Drama
1988-89 Murder, She Wrote S5 8 CBS Police Drama
1989-90 Matlock S4 20 NBC Legal/Police Drama
1989-90 Murder, She Wrote S6 13 CBS Police Drama
1990-91 Murder, She Wrote S7 12 CBS Police Drama
1991-92 Murder, She Wrote S8 8 CBS Police Drama
1992-93 Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman S1 23 CBS Medical/Western Drama
1992-93 Murder, She Wrote S9 5 CBS Police Drama
1993-94 Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman S2 25 CBS Medical/Western Drama
1993-94 Homicide: Life on the Street S2 24 NBC Police Drama
1993-94 Murder, She Wrote S10 11 CBS Police Drama
1993-94 N.Y.P.D. Blue S1 18 ABC Police Drama
1994-95 Law & Order S5 27 NBC Legal/Police Drama
1994-95 Chicago Hope S1 29 CBS Medical Drama
1994-95 ER S1 2 NBC Medical Drama
1994-95 Murder, She Wrote S11 8 CBS Police Drama
1994-95 N.Y.P.D. Blue S2 7 ABC Police Drama
1995-96 Law & Order S6 24 NBC Legal/Police Drama
1995-96 Chicago Hope S2 23 CBS Medical Drama
1995-96 ER S2 1 NBC Medical Drama
1995-96 N.Y.P.D. Blue S3 10 ABC Police Drama
1996-97 Law & Order S7 27 NBC Legal/Police Drama
1996-97 Chicago Hope S3 30 CBS Medical Drama
1996-97 ER S3 1 NBC Medical Drama
1996-97 N.Y.P.D. Blue S4 13 ABC Police Drama
1997-98 ER S4 2 NBC Medical Drama
1998-99 JAG S4 16 CBS Legal/Police Drama
1998-99 ER S5 1 NBC Medical Drama
1999-00 JAG S5 20 CBS Legal/Police Drama
1999-00 Judging Amy S1 19 CBS Legal Drama
1999-00 Law & Order: Special Victims Unit S1 30 NBC Legal/Police Drama
1999-00 ER S6 4 NBC Medical Drama
2000-01 JAG S6 26 CBS Legal/Police Drama
2000-01 Judging Amy S2 21 CBS Legal Drama
2000-01 Law & Order: Special Victims Unit S2 25 NBC Legal/Police Drama
2000-01 ER S7 2 NBC Medical Drama
2000-01 CSI: Crime Scene Investigation S1 11 CBS Police Drama
2001-02 The Guardian S1 22 CBS Legal/Police Drama
2001-02 JAG S7 14 CBS Legal/Police Drama
2001-02 Judging Amy S3 16 CBS Legal Drama
2001-02 Law & Order: Special Victims Unit S3 12 NBC Legal/Police Drama
2001-02 ER S8 3 NBC Medical Drama
2001-02 Crossing Jordan S1 20 NBC Police Drama
2001-02 CSI: Crime Scene Investigation S2 2 CBS Police Drama
2001-02 Law & Order: Criminal Intent S1 27 NBC Police Drama
2002-03 JAG S8 22 CBS Legal/Police Drama
2002-03 Law & Order: Special Victims Unit S4 14 NBC Legal/Police Drama
2002-03 ER S9 4 NBC Medical Drama
2002-03 CSI: Crime Scene Investigation S3 1 CBS Police Drama
2002-03 CSI: Miami S1 11 CBS Police Drama
2002-03 Law & Order: Criminal Intent S2 19 NBC Police Drama
2002-03 Without A Trace S1 15 CBS Police Drama
2003-04 Law & Order S14 12 NBC Legal/Police Drama
2003-04 Law & Order: Special Victims Unit S5 18 NBC Legal/Police Drama
2003-04 ER S10 6 NBC Medical Drama
2003-04 CSI: Crime Scene Investigation S4 1 CBS Police Drama
2003-04 CSI: Miami S2 8 CBS Police Drama
2003-04 Law & Order: Criminal Intent S3 19 NBC Police Drama
2003-04 NCIS S1 23 CBS Police Drama
2003-04 Without A Trace S2 11 CBS Police Drama
2004-05 Law & Order S15 20 NBC Legal/Police Drama
2004-05 Law & Order: Special Victims Unit S6 16 NBC Legal/Police Drama
2004-05 ER S11 12 NBC Medical Drama
2004-05 Grey's Anatomy S1 8 ABC Medical Drama
2004-05 House M.D. S1 23 FOX Medical Drama
2004-05 CSI: Crime Scene Investigation S5 1 CBS Police Drama
2004-05 CSI: Miami S3 5 CBS Police Drama
2004-05 CSI: NY S1 20 CBS Police Drama
2004-05 Law & Order: Criminal Intent S4 25 NBC Police Drama
2004-05 Medium S1 18 NBC Police Drama
2004-05 NCIS S2 22 CBS Police Drama
2004-05 Without A Trace S3 6 CBS Police Drama
2005-06 Law & Order: Special Victims Unit S7 18 NBC Legal/Police Drama
2005-06 ER S12 28 NBC Medical Drama
2005-06 Grey's Anatomy S2 5 ABC Medical Drama
2005-06 House M.D. S2 9 FOX Medical Drama
2005-06 Criminal Minds S1 27 CBS Police Drama
2005-06 CSI: Crime Scene Investigation S6 3 CBS Police Drama
2005-06 CSI: Miami S4 8 CBS Police Drama
2005-06 CSI: NY S2 18 CBS Police Drama
2005-06 NCIS S3 12 CBS Police Drama
2005-06 Without A Trace S4 6 CBS Police Drama
2006-07 Law & Order: Special Victims Unit S8 24 NBC Legal/Police Drama
2006-07 ER S13 27 NBC Medical Drama
2006-07 Grey's Anatomy S3 7 ABC Medical Drama
2006-07 House M.D. S3 8 FOX Medical Drama
2006-07 Criminal Minds S2 18 CBS Police Drama
2006-07 CSI: Crime Scene Investigation S7 6 CBS Police Drama
2006-07 CSI: Miami S5 10 CBS Police Drama
2006-07 CSI: NY S3 16 CBS Police Drama
2006-07 NCIS S4 15 CBS Police Drama

 

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