Gun Code Book
Definition of Gun
A gun is defined as a weapon that fires a bullet or energy beam with the intention of coercing or harming others that can be carried by a character in one or two hands. (Tasers, artillery, cannons, rocket propelled grenades, slingshots, crossbows and bow and arrows are not guns.) Non-human, animated, and fantasy characters are coded for gun portrayal.
One or more guns were portrayed in the 5 minute segment. (Note: bullets on their own do not count, nor does a gun belt if the holster does not have a gun clearly shown. A police officer shown with a holstered gun would count, if the gun is visible.)
Gun Portrayal Location
A gun was portrayed in the same scenic location as the violence in the 5 minute segment.
A scenic location is defined as a discrete location containing continuous narrative content. Scenic location includes a car, a single room of a building, or a continuous outside shot, such as two characters having a conversation while walking down the street. Continuous narrative content means that editing is not used to artificially break up the behaviors being shown.
During gun portrayal, a gun’s trigger was pulled and/or the gun was fired in the same scenic location as any violence.
A projectile fired from a gun struck a living target.
Character(s) committing the gun violence were male.
Character(s) committing the gun violence were female.
Character(s) committing the gun violence were human.
Human is defined as a character that appears human and does not possess any supernatural abilities (i.e., fantastical mutations, e.g. X-Men, Spiderman do not count as human) or alien origins (e.g., Thor, Superman).
Personified Non-Human Shooter
Character(s) committing the gun violence were personified non-humans.
A personified nonhuman is defined as a character possessing at least 2 of the following characteristics:
(a) Is an animate being (note: all animated characters are considered nonhuman, personified or not);
(b) Is humanoid in appearance, but possesses a supernatural quality or origin (e.g., Terminator, Thor, C3PO, etc.);
(c) Is a non-humanoid character that can communicate and be understood by others by using human language or speaks a language understandable to the audience through use of subtitles (e.g., Disney/Pixar talking animals or creature).
Character(s) committing the gun violence were non-human.
A nonhuman character is one possessing fewer than 2 of the above stated human characteristics, such as an animal (Jaws, Cujo, etc.).
Male Character Shot
A male character received gun violence.
Female Character Shot
A female character received gun violence.
Personified Non-Human Character Shot
A personified non-human character received gun violence.
Non-Human Character Shot
A non-human character received gun violence.